Diabetic Home CareBack to Medical Resource Library
Filed Under: Internal Medicine
DIABETIC HOME CARE
1) Insulin Administration
Always store insulin in the refrigerator.
- Roll insulin bottle between the palms to reconstitute. Insuline is a fragile molecule, so the bottle should never be shaken.
- Draw up the prescribed amount of insulin into the appropriate syringe.
- Lift your Pet's neck skin (scruff), and feel an indentation in the tent that is made.
- Insert the needle under the skin up to the base of the syringe, and depress the plunger, dispensing the insulin.
If you are afraid that you "missed" and your Pet may not have gotten the whole dose of insulin, DO NOT re-dose the insulin; wait until the next dose.
Always make sure your Pet is eating PRIOR to giving insulin. If your Pet eats only half of his/her usual amount, give only 1/2 the recommended insulin dose. If you Pet does not eat at all, do not give the insulin.
If you Pet appears weak, wobbly, lethargic, or has a seizure, these could all indicate that you Pet is hypoglycemic (low blood surger). If this occurs:
- Smear Karo syrup, maple syrup, or honey on your Pet's lips; this gets absorbed into the bloodstream through the gums and can ameliorate hypoglycemia.
- Call us right away; your Pet may need hospitalization and IV sugar support.
A Pet's insulin needs can change throughout the course of diabetes, and the dose of insulin may need adjustment after a hypoglycemic crisis.
2) Monitoring Urine Output
As diabetes comes under better control, your Pet should urinate less frequently and drink less water; a sudden increase in water consumption or urination could indicate that diabetes is no longer regulated, and a call to the Veterinarian is warranted.
Diabetics consume much more water than the average Pet; to this end, make sure your Pet has several clean sources of water available throughout the day.
An additional litter box or additional cleaning of the litter box may be needed for diabetic cats, and additional walks outside may be needed for diabetic dogs
3) Sugar Monitoring:
A variety of glucose monitoring systems can be employed to monitor a Pet's sugars at home; urine and blood testing are both available. If you are interested in employing these methods for your Pet, please speak with our Internal Medicine Specialists at your Pet's first follow up.
Glucose curves or fructosamine levels are utilized by a Veterinarian at certain intervals to asses your Pet's disease progress.